Transportation and Development

Linking transportation and land use decisions is vital for a more efficient transportation system. The location, design, and appearance of any development dictate how people will travel to the site.

In suburban areas of New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut, decades of car-oriented development have created massive congestion problems. Sprawling land uses far from traditional town centers, like suburban strip malls and office parks, have made suburban to suburban trips more common. For many people, every trip made, whether to school, the grocery store, or work, requires a separate car trip.

While transit offers a potential solution to congestion problems, it requires destinations to be somewhat clustered together. Otherwise, walking or shuttle trips on either end of a transit trip become too long, and people continue to use their cars.

Therefore, smart growth and development around transit (called transit-oriented development, or TOD, by urban planners) is becoming more common in the region's suburbs. In New Jersey, the state DOT is encouraging transit “villages," and working for community friendly planning. On Long Island, an ambitious planning effort is underway that could densify the Nassau Hub area and offer transit service.

These are some of the campaigns through which we are working to transform development in the region, as well as related resources:

Transit-Oriented Development Clearinghouse

This clearinghouse contains information for officials and stakeholders who are interested in bringing transit-oriented development to their communities. It is a repository of information from successful transit-oriented development efforts from around the region and the country.

Parking Management

Free, unrestricted parking encourages driving and promotes congestion. Large lots also create large, vacant, unsafe areas that make nearby spaces less attractive for development. Tri-State advocates for innovative parking management techniques that reduce incentives to drive.

Planning Issues in NYC

Many of the economic development initiatives launched in New York City -– rezoning major districts for more intensive development, new sports arenas, and suburban-style big box stores -– have taken place without much thought for their transportation consequences. 

Tappan Zee Corridor

Tri-State is working to ensure that a New York State DOT project to add transit to the Tappan Zee Bridge/I-287 corridor includes a meaningful transit-oriented development component. What happens to the Tappan Zee corridor will dictate, to a large extent, how Westchester, Rockland, and Orange Counties will grow, develop, and deal with congestion.


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